Sections & Awards

组别及奖项

PID Color Open

PSA definition: Projected images in separate color and monochrome (see above for Monochrome definition) classes whether they are from digital files or slides. The subject matter is unrestricted. There may be a theme specified for some PSA-recognized PID exhibitions and the exhibition’s definition of the theme should be consulted. Each class has its own Star Ratings path.

PSA定義:投影的圖像分開的顏色和單色(見上文的單色定義)類,無論是從數字文件還是幻燈片。主題是無限制的。可能會為某些PSA認可的PID展覽指定一個主題,並且應該諮詢展覽的主題定義。每個類都有自己的星級路線。

FIAP definition: Any photograph that is not monochrome. It includes a monochrome photograph that has been partially toned or had colour added.

FIAP定義:任何不是單色的照片。它包括已經部分調色或添加了顏色的單色照片。

PID Monochrome Open

PSA definition of monochrome: An image is considered to be Monochrome only if it gives the impression of having no color (i.e. contains only shades of gray which can include pure black and pure white) OR it gives the impression of being a grayscale image that has been toned in one color across the entire image. (For example by sepia, red, gold, etc.). A grayscale or multi-colored image modified or giving the impression of having been modified by partial toning, multi toning or by the inclusion of spot coloring does not meet the definition of monochrome and shall be classified as a Color Work.

一幅能够给予观众它没有任何颜色(即只由从纯黑到纯白的不同影调所构成)的感 受或是看上去是一副被完全调整为具有单一颜色(例如黑、红、金色等非灰色的颜 色)的灰度照片的图片,称其为黑白/单色照片。過部分調色,多色調或包含斑點 色調修改或給予修改的灰度或多色圖像不符合單色的定義,並將其分類為色彩作品 。

FIAP definition of monochrome: A black and white work fitting from the very dark grey (black) to the very clear grey (white) is a monochrome work with the various shades of grey. A black and white work toned entirely in a single color will remain a monochrome work able to stand in the black and white category; such a work can be reproduced in black and white in the catalogue of a salon under FIAP Patronage. On the other hand a black and white work modified by a partial toning or by the addition of one color becomes a color work (polychrome) to stand in the color category; such a work requires color reproduction in the catalogue of a salon under FIAP Patronage.

FIAP單色的定義:黑色和白色作品從非常深灰色(黑色)到非常清晰的灰色(白色 )定義為是一種具有各種灰色陰影的單色作品。黑色和白色的作品完全以單色調色 ,將依然歸類在黑白類別中的單色作品;這樣的作品可以在FIAP Patronage的沙龍 目錄中以黑白定義。另一方面,通過部分調色或添加一種顏色改性的黑白作品成為 色彩類別中的彩色作品(多色);這樣的作品需要在FIAP贊助下的沙龍目錄中進行 色彩再現。

Photo Travel

PSA definition of travel: A Photo Travel image expresses the characteristic features or culture of a land as they are found naturally. There are no geographic limitations. Images from events or activities arranged specifically for photography, or of subjects directed or hired for photography are not appropriate. Close up pictures of people or objects must include features that provide information about the environment. Techniques that add, relocate, replace or remove any element of the original image, except by cropping, are not permitted. The only allowable adjustments are removal of dust or digital noise, restoration of the appearance of the original scene, and complete conversion to greyscale monochrome. Other derivations, including infrared, are not permitted. All allowed adjustments must appear natural.

一幅旅游照片必须能够自然地反映某地的独特面貌或文化。对于照片的拍摄地点不 受限制。那些在为了摄影而专门安排的活动或表演中拍摄的照片,或是画面中的被 摄体是被导演或雇佣的照片,出现在旅游组当中是不妥的。人物或是物体的特写图 片,必须同时包含鲜明的环境特色。在处理图片的过程中,除剪裁以外,对原始图 片中任何元素的移动、替换、去除都是不允许的。唯一允许的改变照片像素的手段 ,就是通过去除传感器尘埃或是数字噪声来恢复画面原有的面貌,或是将画面全部 转换为黑白(不能有任何颜色)。除此之外的包含红外线照片的处理方式都是不允 许的。所有的处理方式都要力求自然。

FIAP definition of traditional photo (apply to travel): A traditional photograph maintains the original image content with minimal adjustments which should not alter the reality of the scene and should appear natural. Rearranging, replacing, adding to or removing any part of the original image except by cropping is strictly forbidden.

FIAP的傳統照片定義(適用於旅遊):傳統照片保留原始圖像內容的最小調整,不 應該改變場景的現實,應該是自然的。嚴格禁止重新排列,替換,添加或刪除原始 圖像的任何部分,除非是裁剪。

Nature

FIAP and PSA definition of nature: Nature photography is restricted to the use of the photographic process to depict all branches of natural history, except anthropology and archeology, in such a fashion that a well-informed person will be able to identify the subject material and certify its honest presentation. The story telling value of a photograph must be weighed more than the pictorial quality while maintaining high technical quality. Human elements shall not be present, except where those human elements are integral parts of the nature story such as nature subjects, like barn owls or storks, adapted to an environment modified by humans, or where those human elements are in situations depicting natural forces, like hurricanes or tidal waves. Scientific bands, scientific tags or radio collars on wild animals are permissible. Photographs of human created hybrid plants, cultivated plants, feral animals, domestic animals, or mounted specimens are ineligible, as is any form of manipulation that alters the truth of the photographic statement. No techniques that add, relocate, replace, or remove pictorial elements except by cropping are permitted. Techniques that enhance the presentation of the photograph without changing the nature story or the pictorial content, or without altering the content of the original scene, are permitted including HDR, focus stacking and dodging/burning. Techniques that remove elements added by the camera, such as dust spots, digital noise, and film scratches, are allowed. Stitched images are not permitted. All allowed adjustments must appear natural. Color images can be converted to greyscale monochrome. Infrared images, either direct-captures or derivations, are not allowed. Images used in Nature Photography competitions may be divided in two classes: Nature and Wildlife. Images entered in Nature sections meeting the Nature Photography Definition above can have landscapes, geologic formations, weather phenomena, and extant organisms as the primary subject matter. This includes images taken with the subjects in controlled conditions, such as zoos, game farms, botanical gardens, aquariums and any enclosure where the subjects are totally dependent on man for food. Images entered in Wildlife sections meeting the Nature Photography Definition above are further defined as one or more extant zoological or botanical organisms free and unrestrained in a natural or adopted habitat. Landscapes, geologic formations, photographs of zoo or game farm animals, or of any extant zoological or botanical species taken under controlled conditions are not eligible in Wildlife sections. Wildlife is not limited to animals, birds and insects. Marine subjects and botanical subjects (including fungi and algae) taken in the wild are suitable wildlife subjects, as are carcasses of extant species. Wildlife images may be entered in Nature sections of Exhibitions.

FIAP和PSA對自然界定義:自然摄影就是运用摄影技法,以一种令观赏者容易 辨识的方式忠实展现自然历史中的所有分支物种,但所谓的自然历史范畴不包括人 类和考古题材。一张图片的故事性与内容性在评审中的比重将大大超过该图片本身 的技术质量。人为元素不得出现,除非拍摄诸如谷仓猫头鹰或谷仓鹳这类已经适应 了被人类所改变了的环境的生物,或是这些人为元素出现在拍摄某种自然力量诸如 飓风或是海啸时。允许在野生动物身上出现雷达项圈和科研用标签、带子等。如作 品中有人工杂交培育的植物或动物、安装好的标本、明显的摆拍、以及对原作进行 任何形式的篡改均视为不合格作品。除剪裁图片外,通过后期技术添加、挪移、替 换或去除任何原始图片中的元素,均不允许。在不改变原作所包含的自然故事、图 片内容以及原始景物内容的条件下,那些可以增强照片表现力的手段可以被使用。 这些手段包括:HDR(高动态范围图像)、景深合成、减淡/加深技术。那些可以 去除相机所造成的影响及元素的手段亦被允许,诸如:去除尘点、数字噪声、胶片 划痕的技术。不允许接片/拼合照片。所有调整必须力求接近自然原貌。彩色作品 只可被转换为灰度单色/黑白作品。无论是直接拍摄的或是间接转换的红外线作品 自然组都不予接受。 参加自然组竞赛的摄影作品可以被划分为两类:自然主题与野生动物主题。 参加自然主题并符合上述自然摄影定义的摄影作品可以以自然风光、地质构造 、气候现象、现存的有机体作为主要的题材/摄影主题。包括那些在人为控制环境 中拍摄的照片,诸如拍摄那些处在动物园、游乐农场、植物园、水族馆等封闭的由 人类提供食物的处所中的动物。 参加野生动物类主题并符合上述自然摄影定义的摄影作品,它们的拍摄主体/ 主题被进一步限定在必须是那些处于自由、不被束缚状态下的生活于纯自然或是自 然保护区内的现存动物或植物。自然风光、地质构造的摄影作品,或是那些拍摄生 活在动物园或游乐农场里动物的摄影作品,亦或是任何人为控制条件下的动植物摄 影作品,在自然组野生动物主题中都不予接受。野生动物不只限于动物、鸟类以及 昆虫。在野外拍摄的海洋动物以及真菌、藻类等特殊植物亦属于野生动物主题范畴 ,该主题亦可包含现存物种的尸体。野生动物类的作品应当参加国际摄影大赛当中 的自然组别的比赛。

PID Color Open (PSA / FIAP PID Color)

PSA definition: Projected images in separate color and monochrome classes whether they are from digital files or slides. The subject matter is unrestricted. There may be a theme specified for some PSA-recognized PID exhibitions and the exhibition’s definition of the theme should be consulted. Each class has its own Star Ratings path.

FIAP definition: Any photograph that is not monochrome. It includes a monochrome photograph that has been partially toned or had colour added.

PID Monochrome Open (PSA / FIAP PID Monochrome)

PSA definition of monochrome: An image is considered to be Monochrome only if it gives the impression of having no color (i.e. contains only shades of gray which can include pure black and pure white) OR it gives the impression of being a grayscale image that has been toned in one color across the entire image. (For example by sepia, red, gold, etc.). A grayscale or multi-colored image modified or giving the impression of having been modified by partial toning, multi toning or by the inclusion of spot coloring does not meet the definition of monochrome and shall be classified as a Color Work.

FIAP definition of monochrome: A black and white work fitting from the very dark grey (black) to the very clear grey (white) is a monochrome work with the various shades of grey. A black and white work toned entirely in a single color will remain a monochrome work able to stand in the black and white category; such a work can be reproduced in black and white in the catalogue of a salon under FIAP Patronage. On the other hand a black and white work modified by a partial toning or by the addition of one color becomes a color work (polychrome) to stand in the color category; such a work requires color reproduction in the catalogue of a salon under FIAP Patronage.

Photo Travel (PSA / FIAP PTD)

PSA definition of travel: A Photo Travel image expresses the characteristic features or culture of a land as they are found naturally. There are no geographic limitations. Images from events or activities arranged specifically for photography, or of subjects directed or hired for photography are not appropriate. Close up pictures of people or objects must include features that provide information about the environment. Techniques that add, relocate, replace or remove any element of the original image, except by cropping, are not permitted. The only allowable adjustments are removal of dust or digital noise, restoration of the appearance of the original scene, and complete conversion to greyscale monochrome. Other derivations, including infrared, are not permitted. All allowed adjustments must appear natural.

FIAP definition of traditional photo (apply to travel): A traditional photograph maintains the original image content with minimal adjustments which should not alter the reality of the scene and should appear natural. Rearranging, replacing, adding to or removing any part of the original image except by cropping is strictly forbidden.

Nature (PSA / FIAP ND)

FIAP and PSA definition of nature: Nature photography is restricted to the use of the photographic process to depict all branches of natural history, except anthropology and archeology, in such a fashion that a well-informed person will be able to identify the subject material and certify its honest presentation. The story telling value of a photograph must be weighed more than the pictorial quality while maintaining high technical quality. Human elements shall not be present, except where those human elements are integral parts of the nature story such as nature subjects, like barn owls or storks, adapted to an environment modified by humans, or where those human elements are in situations depicting natural forces, like hurricanes or tidal waves. Scientific bands, scientific tags or radio collars on wild animals are permissible. Photographs of human created hybrid plants, cultivated plants, feral animals, domestic animals, or mounted specimens are ineligible, as is any form of manipulation that alters the truth of the photographic statement. No techniques that add, relocate, replace, or remove pictorial elements except by cropping are permitted. Techniques that enhance the presentation of the photograph without changing the nature story or the pictorial content, or without altering the content of the original scene, are permitted including HDR, focus stacking and dodging/burning. Techniques that remove elements added by the camera, such as dust spots, digital noise, and film scratches, are allowed. Stitched images are not permitted. All allowed adjustments must appear natural. Color images can be converted to greyscale monochrome. Infrared images, either direct-captures or derivations, are not allowed. Images used in Nature Photography competitions may be divided in two classes: Nature and Wildlife. Images entered in Nature sections meeting the Nature Photography Definition above can have landscapes, geologic formations, weather phenomena, and extant organisms as the primary subject matter. This includes images taken with the subjects in controlled conditions, such as zoos, game farms, botanical gardens, aquariums and any enclosure where the subjects are totally dependent on man for food. Images entered in Wildlife sections meeting the Nature Photography Definition above are further defined as one or more extant zoological or botanical organisms free and unrestrained in a natural or adopted habitat. Landscapes, geologic formations, photographs of zoo or game farm animals, or of any extant zoological or botanical species taken under controlled conditions are not eligible in Wildlife sections. Wildlife is not limited to animals, birds and insects. Marine subjects and botanical subjects (including fungi and algae) taken in the wild are suitable wildlife subjects, as are carcasses of extant species. Wildlife images may be entered in Nature sections of Exhibitions.